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DALL-E 3 vs Midjourney: Which AI Art Generator Creates Better Coloring Book Images?

Author: Andrew Stephenson Low Content Book PublishingTime: 2024-01-06 04:05:02

Table of Contents

Comparing DALL-E 3 and Midjourney for Coloring Book Image Generation

In this blog post, we will compare two leading AI art platforms - DALL-E 3 by Anthropic and Midjourney - for the specific use case of generating images suitable for coloring books. We will test existing Midjourney prompts in DALL-E 3, try improved prompts in both systems, create and test new prompts, analyze key differences in performance, and provide a verdict on which AI art system produces better quality coloring book images with less effort.

Testing Existing Midjourney Prompts in DALL-E 3

To start, I searched Midjourney's public gallery for existing coloring book prompts and picked a few good examples to test in DALL-E 3. The Midjourney images generally looked decent but had unnecessary text overlays and some strange out-of-place elements. When I copied the prompts over into DALL-E 3, the images were cleaner and more coherent, but still not perfect. For example, the "superhero manga" prompt produced sharp line art but the background was cluttered. The "kawaii cute animals" prompt generated adorable animals, but they had heavy shading that is not ideal for coloring books.

Trying Improved Prompts in Both AI Systems

Next, I tried improving the Midjourney prompts with additional parameters to specify the desired coloring book style, such as "no shading" and "white background". This produced better Midjourney images, but inaccuracies still crept in sometimes, like extra limbs on characters. In contrast, DALL-E 3 understood the improved prompts clearly and generated clean, polished line art consistently. When I created prompts from scratch like "kawaii vegetable characters", Midjourney struggled more to depict the vegetables accurately while ensuring they were cute and suitable for coloring. DALL-E 3 had no issue generating recognizable veggies with clean lines and whitespace ready for coloring. The extra effort to carefully craft prompts pays off more in Midjourney, but DALL-E 3 reliably produces usable coloring book images from simpler prompts.

Creating and Testing New Prompts

As a final test, I had some fun creating unusual new prompts like "sparrow riding a bike". Midjourney generated more abstract, stylized art where you had to guess that it's a sparrow and bike. DALL-E 3 depicted the silly concept more literally as a clear line drawing of exactly a sparrow perched on a bike - perfect for a whimsical coloring page! Across all the tests, DALL-E 3 excelled at taking prompts and generating images precisely matching the specifications suitable for coloring books. From kawaii animals to birds on bikes, it depicted concepts literally with clean lines, no shading, and whitespace ready for coloring. Midjourney produced more mixed results that often needed tweaking. With the right prompting, it can also create appealing coloring book images, but getting them reliably requires more trial and error.

Key Differences Between DALL-E 3 and Midjourney for This Task

Based on testing, these are the key differences between DALL-E 3 and Midjourney when it comes to generating coloring book images:

  • DALL-E 3 understands the specifications like "line art", "no shading" more precisely, while Midjourney sometimes ignores or misinterprets elements

  • DALL-E 3 depicts concepts literally, Midjourney more abstractly and stylized

  • DALL-E 3 reliably produces usable images from simpler prompts, Midjourney benefits more from carefully crafted, detailed prompts

  • DALL-E 3 centers, frames, and contains images better, Midjourney images are often cut off or set against busier backgrounds

  • Overall, DALL-E 3 makes it easier to get quality coloring book images quickly, while getting comparable results from Midjourney involves more trial and error

The Verdict: Which AI Art System Performs Better?

While both AI art tools can produce appealing coloring book illustrations, DALL-E 3 clearly performed better for this specific use case during testing.

DALL-E 3 understood the concept of "suitable for coloring books" right away, and was less prone to visual errors like shading, cluttered backgrounds, and accuracy issues. It automatically centered and framed images perfectly for coloring pages. Simple prompts reliably generated clean line drawings with white space for coloring, while dynamic enhancements such as "cute vegetables" or "sparrow on a bike" were depicted beautifully and often humorous.

In Midjourney, getting high quality coloring book images required more experimentation with detailed, carefully structured prompts to get usable results. It would interpret concepts more stylized and abstractly, sometimes failing to fully match specified parameters in areas like limiting color and shading. Images overflowed the frame or felt less cohesive at times.

So for a use case of consistently generating high quality coloring book page illustrations without much manual tuning, DALL-E 3 outperforms Midjourney both in execution and ease of use.

Conclusion and Key Takeaways

Generating image assets for coloring books is a promising application of AI art platforms. Both DALL-E 3 and Midjourney can produce appealing coloring friendly illustrations, but DALL-E 3 is better optimized for this specific use case.

The key advantages DALL-E 3 demonstrated were: automatically understanding the concept of "coloring book image" to provide clean line drawings with white space ready for coloring; rapid high quality results from simple prompts; avoiding common issues like shading, clutter and accuracy; inherent composition suitable for coloring pages.

With carefully constructed detailed prompts, Midjourney is also capable of quality coloring images but takes more effort. DALL-E 3 proved superior in streamlining prompt engineering while excelling at this narrow domain.

In summary, DALL-E 3 makes creating illustrations for coloring books remarkably easy - just describe almost anything in plain language, and it delivers professional, whimsical line art suitable for coloring books at scale.


Q: Which AI art generator is better for creating coloring book images?
A: Based on the testing done in the video, DALL-E 3 performs better for generating clean, usable coloring book images without extra elements like text or shading.

Q: What are the key differences between DALL-E 3 and Midjourney for this task?
A: DALL-E 3 produced more consistent images tailored for coloring books, while Midjourney required more trial-and-error with prompts and often added unintended elements.

Q: What prompts were tested in each AI art system?
A: The video first tested existing Midjourney prompts in DALL-E 3, then tried improved prompts in both systems, and finally created and tested entirely new prompts related to cute vegetable images.

Q: Were negative prompts needed to improve Midjourney images?
A: Yes, negative prompts were used at times in Midjourney to remove extra elements like arms. But this was not required in DALL-E 3.

Q: How was image quality setting handled?
A: The 0.5 quality setting was mainly used to conserve credits/processing power, but testing found little quality difference when increased to 1.0.

Q: How specific did prompts need to be?
A: Very specific prompts produced better images in Midjourney, while more general prompts worked fine in DALL-E 3.

Q: Were the images usable for coloring books?
A: The DALL-E 3 images were directly usable for coloring books without editing. Some Midjourney images needed cropping or frames to work for this purpose.

Q: What file formats do the AI systems output?
A: The exact file formats were not covered, but the images were shown on screen rather than described as vectors vs raster graphics.

Q: Did either system enable drawing on top of images?
A: The video did not test any capability for layering drawings on the AI-generated images. The focus was evaluating quality and usability.

Q: Could these systems help artists expand their coloring books?
A: Yes, both systems could assist artists in brainstorming and expanding their coloring book prompt ideas efficiently.