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Revolutionize AI Agents with Microsoft's Code-First Task Weaver Framework

Author: Mervin PraisonTime: 2024-01-26 00:50:00

Table of Contents

Introducing Task Weaver: A Code-First AI Agent Framework

Task Weaver is an exciting new code-first AI agent framework released by Microsoft. It allows users to provide domain-specific knowledge to intelligent agents, enabling them to complete advanced analytical tasks through code execution. Agents can create and run code, all while remembering previous conversations and code sessions. In this post, we'll explore Task Weaver's key capabilities and architecture, see a demo of stock price forecasting with Task Weaver, and discuss the future of integrating Task Weaver with large language models like GPT-3.

Task Weaver represents a major step forward in developing AI agents that can understand context, reason, and complete complex objectives. While most chatbots today respond based on static rules and heuristics, Task Weaver's agents can dynamically create and run code to achieve goals. This unlocks new possibilities for assistive AI across industries.

Key Features and Capabilities

Here are some of the standout features and capabilities of Task Weaver:

  • Code-first architecture: Agents can generate and execute code to complete analytical tasks, going beyond simple chat
  • Stateful code execution: Agents track code execution state across multiple rounds of conversation
  • Custom plugins: Users can develop plugins to pull data from databases and other sources
  • Rich data handling: Agents can work with complex data structures like dataframes
  • Multi-agent support: Multiple agents can collaborate for greater analytical power
  • Conversational reasoning: Agents plan responses and track context across long conversations

Architecture and Workflow

Behind the scenes, Task Weaver uses a multi-agent architecture to break down and complete user requests:

  • When a user makes a request, the Planner Agent creates a plan and task list
  • It sends this to the Code Generator Agent, which writes code using plugins and examples
  • The Code Executor Agent then runs the code generated by the Code Generator
  • It tracks execution state, handles errors, and returns outputs
  • Finally, the Planner Agent prepares a reply for the user based on the execution results This coordinated workflow between multiple intelligent agents is what enables Task Weaver to understand context, reason, and dynamically create and run analytical code.

Multi-Agent Support for Greater Power

A key advantage of Task Weaver is its support for multi-agent systems. Task Weaver agents can run independently, but they can also be combined with other AI agents to augment capabilities. For example, Task Weaver could integrate with a chatbot like Anthropic's Claude. The chatbot handles natural language conversations, then invokes Task Weaver when analytical tasks or code execution is needed. This allows each agent to focus on what it's best at. Together, they create a more powerful AI system with both conversational and analytical abilities.

Walkthrough: Stock Price Prediction with Task Weaver Agents

To see Task Weaver in action, let's walk through an example of using its agents to forecast stock prices. We'll use historical price data to train a model, generate predictions for the next week, and return the results to the user.

This demonstrates how Task Weaver can understand context, reason, plan complex tasks, write and run code, and have an intelligent conversation spanning multiple rounds.

Set Up the Task Weaver Environment

First, we'll set up a Task Weaver environment in Python. This involves:

  • Cloning the Task Weaver GitHub repository
  • Creating and activating a virtual environment
  • Installing requirements like OpenAI's API
  • Exporting OpenAI API keys
  • Configuring the Task Weaver project

Interact with Agents to Forecast Stock Prices

With the environment ready, we can have a conversational exchange with Task Weaver agents to forecast next week's stock prices:

  • We ask the agents to predict next week's Apple stock price
  • The Planner Agent creates a task list to obtain data, train a model, forecast prices, and report back
  • The agents coordinate to execute each step, handling errors and re-planning when needed
  • Finally, the predicted prices for each day are returned to the user This demonstrates Task Weaver's ability to dynamically create code, track state, reason, and have an intelligent dialogue.

The Future of AI: Integrating Task Weaver and Large Language Models

As capable as Task Weaver is today, its future potential is even more exciting when combined with large language models like GPT-3 and Claude.

Together, they could enable AI assistants with exceptional conversational ability, analytical skill, context tracking, reasoning, and code execution.

We are likely to see creative integrations that maximize the strengths of each technology:

  • Chatbots handle natural conversation and emotional intelligence

  • Task Weaver provides programming ability and state tracking

  • Large language models contribute knowledge and reasoning

This synthesis will unlock AI assistants that can communicate like humans while executing analytical tasks beyond what humans can do manually. The future is bright for AI that combines code with conversation!

Conclusion and Next Steps

In conclusion, Task Weaver represents an important evolution in AI agents' ability to dynamically create and execute code. Its multi-agent architecture, state tracking, planning, and conversational ability enable complex analytical tasks.

While Task Weaver is impressive on its own, integrating it with large language models unlocks even more powerful AI assistants. We're just beginning to explore the possibilities to augment human capabilities with this technology.

Next steps for bringing this future closer include building custom plugins, testing complex use cases, and creative integration experiments. 2021 brings many exciting opportunities at the intersection of code, conversation, and analytical AI agents!


Q: What is the Task Weaver framework?
A: Task Weaver is a code-first AI agent framework released by Microsoft for building customizable, stateful agents that can execute domain-specific tasks involving data analysis, code execution and more.

Q: How does Task Weaver work?
A: Task Weaver coordinates multiple agents: a planner agent assigns tasks, a code generator writes executable code, a code executor runs the code and remembers state, and the planner handles responses.

Q: What can you do with Task Weaver?
A: Use cases include data analytics, anomaly detection, forecasting, drawing insights from databases and more - any task requiring code execution and reasoning.

Q: Is Task Weaver easy to set up?
A: Yes, Task Weaver provides configuration files and sample code to quickly build customized agents tailored to your domain.

Q: Can Task Weaver integrate with other AI systems?
A: Yes, Task Weaver provides extensibility to connect with large language models and other components to create even more powerful AI assistants.

Q: What was demonstrated in the video?
A: A multi-agent Task Weaver system was set up to forecast next week's Apple stock prices by obtaining data, selecting a model, training the model and reporting predictive outputs.

Q: What are some next steps with Task Weaver?
A: Possible next steps include integrating Task Weaver with large language models like GPT-3, developing custom plugins, and automating complex analytical tasks.

Q: Where can I get Task Weaver?
A: Task Weaver is open-sourced on GitHub by Microsoft at https://github.com/microsoft/task_weaver.

Q: What coding languages can I use with Task Weaver?
A: Task Weaver supports Python development, allowing data scientists and AI developers to build using common data analysis libraries.

Q: Can non-developers use Task Weaver?
A: While coding is required, Task Weaver simplifies development so domain experts can focus on their area of expertise supported by AI assistance.